Helsinki. Senate square. The monument of Alexander II
The Senate square ( Senaatintori, on map) - the center of the finnish Capital.
Cathedral of St. Nicholas, or simply the Cathedral, the main Church of the Helsinki diocese of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland and the Church of the home community of the parishioners of the Cathedral. The temple was inaugurated on 15 Feb 1852. The Cathedral is dedicated to St. Nicholas, patron Saint of the reigning Emperor Nicholas I, and received the name of the Church. Nicholas. After 1917 Finland became independent, the temple was called Suurkirkko (fin. Suurkirkko, Big Church). In 1952, the Olympic year, celebrated 100-year anniversary of the temple. In 1959 was founded the Helsinki diocese, after which the temple became known as the Helsinki Cathedral.
In front of the Cathedral is the monument to Alexander II, opened in 1894. The monument installed on the occasion of the gift of the Emperor the Duchy of Finland greater autonomy within the Russian Empire. The Finns were allowed to have the national Parliament.